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突破四级--写作技巧
栏目名:跨越四级 时间:2020-04-28 20:00:07 信息来源: 点击:

英语四级考试中写作是一个很重要的部分。它不仅要求文章要切题,条理要清楚而且还对语言准确和字数符合要求,那么如何有效地开展英语的写作呢?

首先,最重要的当然就是正式写英语四级作文前的审题啦,如何对四级考试中的作文题进行审题,让我们一起来看看吧:

其实今天介绍的审题就是要审作文的题材和体裁。因为什么样的体裁就会用什么样的题材去写。

那么体裁包括那些呢?它包括议论文,说明文和描述文。从近些年看,四级作文不是单一的体裁,而是几种体裁的糅合体。

例如:

Directions: For this part, your are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on thetopic

Trying to Be A Good UniversityStudent。

You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on theoutline(given inChinese)below:

做合格大学生的必要性

做合格大学生的必备条件(可以从德智体方面谈)

很多人说这种类型的作文是议论文。这是片面的,因为,

第一段要求写“必要性”,则是议论文;

第二段要求写“必备条件”,则要求写说明文;

第三段要求写“这样做”,则要求写描述文。

所以在大多数情形下,四级作文是三种体裁的糅合体。

接下来就是确定相应的写作方法

我们审题的目的就是根据不同体裁确定不同的写作方法。通过审题,我们可以看出四级作文大都是三段式。如上例第一段为议论体,第二段为说明体,第三段为描述体。而各种文体又有不同的写作方式:议论文:要有论点和论据,而且往往从正反两方面来论述。例如上面第一段的思路是:做合格大学生,会怎么样(这是从正面论述);不能做合格的大学生,又会怎么样(从反面论述);所以我们要做合格的大学生(结论)。说明文:可以从几方面来说明一个问题,可以从德智体三方面来说明合格大学生的必要性。描述文:以“人”为中心描述一个“做”的过程。与上两段相比,本段的主语多为人称代词,他要与第二段相呼应进行描述。

审好题,根据题材体裁打好框架之后,就可以正式开始我们的写作啦,那么对于我们的正式写作有什么小技巧呢?这里给大家提供七个原则:

一、长短句原则。

工作还得一张一弛呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!

强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、主题句原则。

国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

特别提示:隐藏主体句是要冒险的!To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questionscorrectly。

三、一二三原则。

领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点…如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

1)first, second, third,last(不推荐,原因:俗)

2)firstly, secondly, thirdly,finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

3)the first, the second, the third, thelast(不推荐,原因:俗)

4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place,lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

5)to begin with, then, furthermore,finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition,finally(强烈推荐)

7)first and foremost, besides, last but notleast(强烈推荐)

8)mostimportant of all, moreover,finally

9)on the one hand, on the otherhand(适用于两点的情况)

10)for one thing, for anotherthing(适用于两点的情况)

建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、短语优先原则。

写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。

其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

五、多实少虚原则

原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。

比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital之类的形象词。

再比如: 走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

六、多变句式原则。

1)加法(串联)都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.其它的短语可以用:besides, furthermore, likewise,moreover

2)转折(拐弯抹角)批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm.更多的短语:despitethat, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite,notwithstanding

3)因果(so, so, so)昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!The snow began to fall, so we went home.更多短语:then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, sothat

4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。举例:This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure. 同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:When to go,Whyhe goesaway…

5)附加(多此一举)如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine. I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.Mrliu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. 其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

6)排比(排山倒海句)文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticatedor simple, there is plenty in London for you. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat,thewind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

七、挑战极限原则。

既然挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.如果你可以写出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!


看过以上写作技巧,如果你还觉得不够直接,有一种“方法我都懂,但我就是写不出句子”的感觉,那接下来就是送福利时间啦。其实考试中每一篇作文都是有“套路可循”。开头、过渡、对比对照、原因、举例论证、预测趋势、建议措施、承接转折、总结论点……,下面的句子多读多看多用,相信在四级考试中能解决你动笔难的尴尬哦:


一、文章开头句式

1. When asked whether it is advisable to look for friends online, different people may have different things to say, but personally I don’t think it is wise to doso.

2. Here comes the question: should universities allow students to live off campus? My answer is positive, for indeed there are several advantages of off-campus living compared with dormliving.

3. Nowadays chatting online is growing in popularity among the youth. Some get fun; some get friends; some even get fame. However, we should not let these benefits blind us to the problems it maypose.

二、过渡概括句式

1. When it comes to the problem of homesickness, here are a few tips forfreshmen.

【扩展】As far as …is concerned/ Asfor…,+主句

2. As the “imported” festivals become hot, our own native festive occasions is on thedecline.

3. Before answering this question, I want to remind you of a story of ancient China… This story simply proves the importance of teamwork: united, we succeed; divided, wefail.

三、对比和对照句式

1. Some hold that this experience would give them the edge in future competition after graduation, while others argue that it might hinder their academicpursuit.

2. Different from selling our own belongings in the flea market, running a shop requires careful consideration and preparation in manyaspects.

3. At college, our main task is to acquire knowledge; our main trial is to do well in various exams. But at work people are expected to shoulder much moreresponsibility.

四、说明原因句式

1. The main reasons why I am not in favor of making friends online are asfollows.

2. The first reason to avoid comparing yourself with others is it makes youunhappy.

3. Being aware of their parents’ financial difficulty, they used various means to support themselves and managed to save every penny they could for thefamily.

五、举例论证句式

1. Ambition may well serve as a catalyst activating dormant potentials. …A case in point isMsZhangHaidi, the Chinese HelenKeller.

2. Take Liu Xiang for example, who won the gold medal in the 110 meters hurdles of the 2004 Olympics, which had been the first gold medal for Asians in the Olympic track andfield.

【扩展】Let me cite …as an example./ A good example isthat…

3. It means my success is your failure. If I obtain my goal, then you don’t obtain yours. It is best exemplified by a match in which individuals or teams strive against each other to obtain a goal that only one can ultimately achieve, such as a tennis or footballgame.

六、预测趋势句式

1. In fact, the development of both Internet technologies and web-based education has made it convincing that one day online learning may replace the traditional classroomteaching.

2. The advantages of online learning compared with classroom teaching make the substitution of the latter by the former almostinevitable.

3. Because of its advantages in creating a virtual but realistic classroom, and providing diversity, convenience and freedom, online education is quickly taking in many territories that once belonged to traditional classroom teaching. In a certain sense, it can be said that online education came, has seen and willconquer.

七、建议措施句式

1. Though learning can be made interesting, it is not play in essence and we should take each class seriously. Thus, there are some dos and don’ts for us to help a class gosmoothly.

2. Besides, to minimize students’ possibility to substitute others’ works for their own, several simple strategies can be followed in designing writingassignments.

【扩展】Besides, to release academic pressure, you can take the following suggestions intoaccount.

To prevent these from happening and to travel smoothly on the information superhighway, you should observe some basic rules ofnetiquette.

3. Maybe you are perplexed about how to get rid of it and enjoy a more pleasant and rich college life? Here are my opinions about how to cope with financial, academic and emotionalproblems.

【扩展】When it comes to the problem of… here are a few tipsfor…

八、承接转折句式

1. Of course there is some truth in those complaints. Nevertheless, with regard to the future development for both employers and employees, advantages will far outweigh disadvantages during a jobinterview.

【扩展】There is some truth in…,but…/There’s anelement of truth in… but…/There’s a great deal of truth in what they say, but…

2. It is true that interview benefits both the employer and employee in many cases, but, in my opinion, it does not always work because of its time limit, the subjectivity in decision-making and high additional expenditure it brings to jobapplicants.

3. Admittedly, looking good does have real advantages in some occasions like finding a job or spouse, but plastic surgery alone cannot change ourlife.

九、总结论点句式

1. In my view, effective measures are called for to solve the problem. First, it should be made clear to the whole society that Chinese is one indispensable part of our culture and race. Second, schools should attach more importance to the teaching of Chinese. Third, students should enhance their awareness of the importance of mastering their mothertongue.

2. Personally, I believe that both sides have something right, so we should not go to extremes. On the one hand, we have to admit that a well-designed name can help a person to some extent. On the other hand, we should not exaggerate the effect of a name on a person’sfate.


3. From the factors mentioned above, we may safely draw the conclusion that we can free ourselves from mental illness by taking certain precautions. For example, if you have pains or puzzles in mind, finding a friend to express these is a good way to releasepressure.

十、文章结尾句式

1. Addressing these issues is not a luxury that can be postponed until a more convenient time. It is a short step from dishonesty in schools and colleges to dishonesty inbusiness.

2. Only when we treat plagiarism as seriously as it deserves to be treated, will we accomplish the first step toward the elimination of various forms of unethical academic behaviors on ourcampuses.

3. To sum up, ambition can benefit us tremendously if wisely and correctly channeled, otherwise it may ruin others andourselves.

好了,以上就是英语四级写作技巧,大家有学会吗?大家如果在写作的时候可参考以上的内容,并在你的作文当中得到体现,那么你的作文肯定会获得一个不低的分数。平时也要参考下或看看英语写作技巧或对范文学习,词句积累来提高英语写作,希望以上的内容可以给大家的英语写作一些参考。


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